In glomerular cells of puromycin aminonucleoside nephrosis rats both phosphorylated and total STAT3 levels increased during proteinuria
Saygi, Halil Ibrahim
Gungor, Zeynep Banu
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Recent studies showed that JAK/STAT pathway plays role in glomerular damages. The fact that STAT3 could be activated also by oxidative stress make Puromycin Aminonucleoside (PAN) Nephrosis model very appropriate for examination of STAT3 expression changes in glomerular pathology. Along with a control group, three PAN groups sacrificed on different days were formed by the i.p. injection of PAN for 5 consecutive days. Throughout the experiment, 24-hour-urines were collected on specific days and proteinuria levels were monitored. At the end of the experiments, tissue specimens were stained immunohistochemically for both total and phosphorylated STAT3 and evaluated subjectively. They were also examined ultrastructurally in transmission electron microscope. The proteinuria levels did not increase significantly on 5th day but showed a dramatic increase on 10th and 15th days. On 20th and 25th days, urinary protein levels gradually decreased. Ultrastructural examinations showed glomerular damages such as significant decrease in slit pore number, a significant gradual increase in glomerular basement membrane thickness and podocyte hypertrophy on 5th and 15th days; besides significant increase in mesangial matrix. The first significant increases in phosphorylated and total STAT3 levels occurred in 5th day and 15th day groups respectively. These increases diminished in 25th day group. Regarding all the findings, it was deduced that STAT3 is one of the active factors in glomerular pathologies.
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