Novel N-(1-thia-4-azaspiro[4.5]decan-4-yl)carboxamide derivatives as potent and selective influenza virus fusion inhibitors
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Hemagglutinin is the surface protein of the influenza virus that mediates both binding and penetration of the virus into host cells. We here report on the synthesis and structure-activity relationship of some novel N-(1-thia-4-azaspiro[4.5]decan-4-yl)-carboxamide compounds carrying the 5-chloro-2-methoxybenzamide structure, designed as influenza virus fusion inhibitors. The carboxamides (1a-h, 2a-h) have a similar backbone structure as the fusion inhibitors that we reported on previously. Compounds 2b and 2d displayed inhibitory activity against influenza A/H3N2 virus replication (average antiviral EC50: 2.1 mu M for 2b and 3.4 mu M for 2d). Data obtained in the hemolysis inhibition assay supported that these compounds act as inhibitors of the influenza virus hemagglutinin-mediated fusion process.
- Makale