Analbuminemia produced by a novel splicing mutation
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Analbuminemia is a rare autosomal recessive disorder manifested by the absence or severe reduction of circulating human serum albumin in homozygous or compound heterozygous individuals. It is an allelic heterogeneous defect, caused by a variety of mutations within the albumin gene. The analbuminemic condition was diagnosed in a Turkish female infant on the basis of low albumin concentration (similar to 9.0 g/L). The albumin gene was screened by single-strand conformation polymorphism and heteroduplex analysis and submitted to direct sequencing. The proband was found to be homozygous for a T-C transition at nucleotide 13381, the 2nd base of intron 11. The effect of this previously unreported mutation, which inactivates the strongly conserved GT dinucleotide at the 5 splice site consensus sequence of intron 11, was evaluated by examining the cDNA obtained by reverse transcription-PCR from the albumin mRNA extracted from the proband leukocytes. This analysis revealed that the mutation, named Bartin for the geographical origin of the patient's family, results in the skipping of exon 11. The subsequent frameshift within exon 12 originates a premature stop codon located 5 codons downstream at position 411. The predicted translation product would consist of 410 amino acids. This novel extensive cDNA alteration is responsible for the analbuminemic trait. (c) 2007 American Association for Clinical Chemistry.
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