A systematic review of clinical practice guidelines for persons with osteoarthritis. A "Best Evidence for Rehabilitation" (be4rehab) paper to develop the WHO's Package of Interventions for Rehabilitation
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Aim Identifying existing interventions for rehabilitation and related evidence presents a crucial step in developing the World Health Organization's (WHO) Package of Interventions for Rehabilitation. This paper reports the results of a systematic search that aimed to identify clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) relevant to the rehabilitation of people with osteoarthritis and presents the CPG recommendations and the current state of evidence available for the interventions in the CPGs. Methods This paper is part of the "Best Evidence for Rehabilitation" (be4rehab) series, developed according to the methodology presented in the WHO's Package of Interventions for Rehabilitation introductory paper by Rauch et al, published in 2019. It is a systematic review of the existing CPGs on osteoarthritis published between 2009 and 2019. Identified CPGs were screened taking into consideration conflict of interest, the provision of information regarding the strength of recommendation(s), and quality to be selected. Quality of CPGs was assessed using the AGREE II tool. Results After title and abstract screening, 51 CPGs were identified. Considering the inclusion/exclusion criteria, 26 CPGs were selected. After checking for quality, comprehensiveness, multi-professionality, and publication date, five CPGs were finally included in the review. The strong recommendations for people with knee and hip osteoarthritis consistently included in all the selected CPGs, sometimes called "core treatments", were patient education, exercise training, and weight reduction if overweight or obese. Generally, recommendations overlap in the CPGs. Conclusion The systematic search revealed high-quality CPGs on osteoarthritis for the identification of "Best Evidence for Rehabilitation (be4rehab)" regarding interventions for rehabilitation of people with osteoarthritis.
- Makale