Current and efficiency optimization under oscillating forces in entropic barriers
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The transport of externally overdriven particles confined in entropic barriers is investigated under various types of oscillating and temporal forces. Temperature, load, and amplitude dependence of the particle current and energy conversion efficiency are investigated in three dimensions. For oscillating forces, the optimized temperature-load, amplitude temperature, and amplitude-load intervals are determined when fixing the amplitude, load, and temperature, respectively. By using three-dimensional plots rather than two-dimensional ones, it is clearly shown that oscillating forces provide more efficiency compared with a temporal one in specified optimized parameter regions. Furthermore, the dependency of efficiency to the angle between the unbiased driving force and a constant force is investigated and an asymmetric angular dependence is found for all types of forces. Finally, it is shown that oscillating forces with a high amplitude and under a moderate load lead to higher efficiencies than a temporal force at both low and high temperatures for the entire range of contact angle.
- Makale