Comorbidities of bullous pemphigoid: A single-center retrospective case-control study from Turkey
Sayar, Sila Kilic
Sun, Gizem Pinar
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Although significant associations between bullous pemphigoid (BP) and certain comorbidities, primarily subtypes of neurological disorders, have been reported in several populations, it has yet to be demonstrated whether a correlation exists between pre-existing comorbidities and serum titers of anti-BP180 and 230 immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies among BP patients. The aim of the current study is to investigate the demographic and clinical features of BP patients in a large series from Turkey, determine the prevalence of pre-existing neurological and systemic disorders, and assess the correlation between the existence of certain comorbidities and basal serum titers of anti-BP180 and 230 IgG autoantibodies. Thus, data from 145 BP patients diagnosed in the study's center between 1987 and 2017 were retrospectively analyzed and compared with 310 age- and sex-matched control subjects. The serum titers of anti-BP 180 and 230 IgG autoantibodies were compared between the patients with and without comorbidities and its subtypes among 55 patients with available serum basal anti-BP levels. Twenty-eight of the BP patients (19.3%) had already been diagnosed with at least one neurological disorder at the onset of BP. According to regression analysis, preexisting neurological disorders (p = 0.017), stroke (p = 0.017), and malignancies (p = 0.005) were found to be higher among the study's BP patients than the controls. The serum titers of anti-BP180 and 230 that were measured at the time of diagnosis were significantly higher in patients with neurological disorders than in patients without neurological disorders (p = 0.042; p = 0.018). Among the pre-existing comorbidities, neurological disorders, particularly stroke, and malignancies were found to be significantly connected to the occurrence of BP in the selected Turkish population. The high titers of serum anti-BP180 and 230 IgG antibodies at the time of BP diagnoses may highlight undiagnosed pre-existing neurological disorders by provoking suspicion.
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