Arguing Soul through Poetry: Samarqandī’s Epistemological Resolution between Ibn Sīnā and Rāzī
Yavuz, Ali Fikri
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Arguments on the soul (nafs) convey the primary quest of epistemology: the knowing-self. Thus, debates on perception, knowledge and soul, as well following approaches in logic form the outlines of an epistemological framework in philosophical works. However, one of unusual cases regarding this debate can be observed in Samarqandī’s (d. 722/1322)Qasīdah al-Qāfiyyahin response to Ibn Sīnā’sQasīdah al-‘Ayniyyahwhere he addresses the problem also by composing a structurally similar versification. This paper tends, firstly, to revisit the reception of thisqasīdahfocusing on Samarqandī’s correspondence and to restore the prominence of this unique philosophical debate on the soul by means of poetry. Secondly, it aims to analyse his efforts to reconcile Avicennian and Rāzīan theories on the soul by also utilising two of his major works:al-Ma‘ārif fī Sharḥ al-Ṣaḥā’ifand‘Ilm al-Afāq wa’l-Anfus.
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