A Randomized Comparison of Acitretin-narrow-band TL-01 Phototherapy and Acitretin-Psoralen plus Ultraviolet A for Psoriasis
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The combination of retinoids with phototherapy enhances the efficacy of phototherapy and reduces the cumulative ultraviolet dose and duration of the therapy needed to treat chronic plaque psoriasis. Although TL-01 phototherapy has been used widely, there are few data about the effectiveness of the combination of acitretin with TL-01 in treatment of the disease. The aim of this study was to compare acitretin-narrow-band TL-01 phototherapy with acitretin-psoralen plus ultraviolet A (acitretin-PUVA) in psoriasis. We studied 60 patients with moderate to severe plaque psoriasis who were randomly allocated to three times weekly treatment acitretin-narrow-band TL-01 or acitretin-PUVA. The efficacy of treatments was assessed using the Psoriasis Area and Severity Index by a blinded observer. Clearance of psoriasis was achieved in 56.6% of patients treated with acitretin-narrow-band TL-01 and in 63.3% of those treated with acitretin-PUVA. All of these patients remained clear of psoriasis 3 months after finishing the treatments. Mucocutaneous side-effects, such as dry lips and mouth, were the most common complaints in both groups. In conclusion, acitretin-narrow-band TL-01 is an effective and well-tolerated treatment for moderate to severe plaque psoriasis, with a therapeutic effect equal to that of acitretin-PUVA.
- Makale