Effects of memantine and MK-801 on ischemia in an experimental model of acute subdural hematoma
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Objective: Cerebral ischemia due to secondary injuries plays an important role in the high mortality rate of acute subdural hematoma (SDH). Although promising results were obtained from experimental works with excitatory amino acid (EAA) antagonists which inhibit the excitotoxic mechanism in the development of cerebral ischemia, these agents could not be used clinically due to their psychomimetic side effects. Memantine, also an EAA antagonist, has been used for a long time in the treatment of different neurodegenerative diseases; however, it was not used in treatment of acute subdural hematoma before. This study has been designed to investigate the development of cerebral ischemia and ischemic edema under experimental acute subdural hematoma and the effect of memantine (Sigma M-9292) and MK-801 (Sigma M-107) in the treatment of ischemia.
- Makale