Resveratrol and siRNA in combination reduces Hsp27 expression and induces caspase-3 activity in human glioblastoma cells
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GBM cells can easily gain resistance to conventional therapy, and therefore treatment of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is difficult. One of the hallmark proteins known to be responsible for this resistance is heat shock protein 27 (Hsp27) which has a key role in the cell survival. Resveratrol, a natural compound, exhibits antitumor effects against GBM, but there are no reports regarding its effect on Hsp27 expression in gliomas. The aim of the present study was to asses the effect of resveratrol on Hsp27 expression and apoptosis in non-transfected and transfected U-87 MG human glioblastoma cells. In order to block the Hsp27 expression, siRNA transfection was performed. Non-transfected and transfected cells were treated with either 10 or 15 mu M resveratrol. The effects of resveratrol were compared with quercetin, a well-known Hsp27 inhibitor. Resveratrol was found to induce apoptosis more effectively than quercetin. Our data showed that resveratrol induces dose- and time-dependent cell death. We also determined that silencing of Hsp27 with siRNA makes the cells more vulnerable to apoptosis upon resveratrol treatment. The highest effect was observed in the 15 mu M resveratrol and 25nM siRNA combination group (suppressed Hsp27 expression by 93.4% and induced apoptosis by 101.2%). This study is the first report showing that resveratrol reduces Hsp27 levels, and siRNA-mediated Hsp27 silencing enhances the therapeutic effects of resveratrol in glioma cells. Our results suggest that resveratrol administration in combination with Hsp27 silencing has a potential to be used as a candidate for GBM treatment.
- Makale