The effect of low-level laser therapy on tooth movement during canine distalization
Can, Sule Batu
Ureturk, Sevin Erol
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The aim of the study is to determine the effects of low level laser therapy on tooth movement during canine distalization by evaluating IL-1 beta, TGF-beta 1 levels in gingival crevicular fluid. Maxillary first premolars of the 15 Angle Class II division I patients (12-19 years old) were extracted. Right maxillary canines were distalized by standard protocol as control group whereas the left maxillary canines distalized by laser application. A gallium-aluminum-arsenide diode laser with an output power of 20 mW was applied as five doses from the buccal and the palatal side on the day 0, and the 3rd, 7th, 14th, 21th 30th, 33st, 37th, 60th, 63th, and 67th days. Gingival crevicular fluid samples were obtained with filtration paper at the initial, 7th, 14th, and 21th days, and the IL-1 beta and TGF-beta 1 cytokine levels were analyzed. Orthodontic models and periodontal indices were taken initially and on the days 30th, 60th, and 90th of canine distalization period. Tooth movement was assessed by scanning models (3Shape). The amount of tooth movement in the laser group was 40% more than the control group. First day IL-1 beta levels were statistically higher than initial and 21st day levels (P= 0.003, P = 0.012). The rise in IL-1 beta levels caused the negative correlations between 7th day IL-1 beta and 21st day TGF-beta 1 levels describes the tissue effects of laser application. Periodontal indices showed no sign of gingival inflammation during canine distalization period. As conclusion, laser does accelerate tooth movement and could shorten the whole treatment duration.
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