In vitro antioxidant activity, cyclooxygenase-2, thioredoxin reductase inhibition and DNA protection properties of Teucrium sandrasicum L.
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© 2015 Elsevier B.V.The aerial parts of Teucrium sandrasicum L. (Lamiaceae), an endemic species of the Turkish flora, are widely used in the daily diet. The plant is also valued as a traditional medicine and is used for diuretic, diaphoretic, tonic, antipyretic, antidiabetic, antispasmodic, and cholagogic purposes. This study investigated a methanolic extract of aerial parts of T. sandrasicum for its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects, inhibition of thioredoxin reductase, and protection against DNA damage. The extract showed inhibitory activity against FeCl3/ascorbic acid induced phosphatidylcholine liposome oxidation (EC50=1.49±0.03mg/mL), quenched stable DPPH (EC50=1.05±0.03mg/mL), superoxide anion (EC50=1.20±0.06mg/mL), and ABTS cation radicals (EC50=1.73±0.01mg/mL). The extract also acted as a reductant, as determined by the FRAP value (2.66±0.21mM/L Fe2+), indicating its potential as an antioxidant. The T. sandrasicum species was determined to be a rich source of flavonoids (104.39±1.37mg/g), which are likely to serve as antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and cancer chemoprevention agents. The extract was strongly inhibitory against both cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) (EC50=1.18±0.03mg/mL) and thioredoxin reductase (0.90±0.02mg/mL), and it significantly and dose-dependently decreased the amount of nicked DNA, as well as increased the natural form of DNA.
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